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Implementation process for community-based climate change adaptation in agriculture in the Philippines

Climate change adaptation can be considered as a socio-institutional learning process. As climate change impacts change over time, adaptation cannot be a one-off intervention, rather, it should be understood as a flexible and iterative process. The objective of this document is 1) capture and document the different steps carried out in a UN joint programme project in the Philippines to serve as a model for other future community-based adaptation processes at the local level, and 2) document both facilitating and hindering factors in project implementation to allow continuous learning and adjustments during the project as well as to inform future projects. It concludes with identifying success factors and general lessons learned with regards to launching local adaptation processes.

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Farm operations monitoring manuals for climate change adaptation in the Philippines

This assessment was part of a larger project that aimed to address wastewater quality and soil irrigated with wastewater to provide support to national strategies and action plans for sustainable management of its natural resources, reducing poverty, and enhancing health indicators. There were 3 main objectives to this assessment: 1) Determine the impact of using wastewater under different climatic conditions on pollutants residue in soil and the impact of different climate on wastewater quality, 2) Define the impacts of global climatic change on soil properties and seepage water quality using inorganic and organic contaminants of the irrigation water quality, and 3) Define the microbial activities under different climatic conditions.

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Training toolkit for weather index based insurance in the Philippines

This document discusses the methodology of designing training modules for Weather Index Based Insurance (WIBI) product under the Climate Change Adaptation Project (CCAP) in a select few sites in Agusan del Norte, a province of Caraga region on Mindanao islands of Philippines. Weather index insurance is a ‘bet’ on the index formed from weather parameters. This toolkit provides an overview of index insurance and provides a training module based on a number of pilot projects that are trying to modify the traditional ‘top-down’ approach to teaching farmers about weather index insurance schemes.The goal is for the farmers to understand various risks posed by climate change to their agriculture portfolio, to understand the concept of crop insurance, and to understand some of the most fundamental concepts of index insurance like basis risk and index structure.

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A feasibility study on weather index based insurance in the Philippines

This document discusses feasibility of implementing Weather Index Based Insurance (WIBI) pilot under Climate Change Adaptation Project (CCAP) in a select few sites in Agusan del Norte, a province of Caraga region on Mindanao islands of Philippines. CCAP is a part of a larger initiative named “Joint Programme on Strengthening the Philippines’ Institutional Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change.” The objectives of this report were to 1) understand weather risks at various levels in the priority area of CCAP, 2) understand the availability of the data essential to create WIBI contracts at various levels, 3) propose best possible products in the current context and current season for areas of CCAP, and 4) comment on the way forward for the next seasons.

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Strengthening the Philippines institutional capacity to adapt to climate change: Health sector, Book III

In the Philippines, improving maternal health has been identified as the most likely MDG not to be achieved by the target date as the decrease of maternal deaths has been decreasing too slowly to meet targets. Due to poor health, child health is also in jeopardy. Since climate change has been identified to exacerbate the effects of poor health, ineffective mitigation and adaptation are expected to make maternal and child health more fragile. Moreover, climate change is also expected to exacerbate vector borne diseases such as malaria, dengue and leptospirosis. This is the third book of a four book final report. It is a compendium of good and innovative climate change adaptation options for the health sector and has been taken from extensive reviews of literature and actual site visits. These practices have been identified as being applicable in the Philippine setting.

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Vulnerability and adaptation assessment report, Philippines

A Vulnerability and Adaptation (V&A) Assessment takes stock of area characteristics, current and observed climate changes impacts along with natural hazards; and adaptation strategies employed in response to these, as well as looks at climate change scenarios for a particular locality. It is a risk assessment and looks at alternative adaptation coping capacities with respect to the likely risk scenarios. This V&A assessment is part of a bigger project on innovative financing and insurance schemes of the ILO CCA Project. This assessment is viewed to characterize the municipality’s climate change vulnerabilities, current adaptation strategies and point to adaptation options for the future.

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Strategic steps to adapt to climate change in Seyhan river basin in Turkey

This document outlines strategic steps and priorities in order to create a successful climate change adaptation strategy in Turkey. The Seyhan River Basin has a semi arid climate and is facing increasing drought risk, reduced amount of water per person, flood and inundation risks induced by heavy precipitation, desertification, degradation in various ecosystems and loss of biodiversity. Strategic steps focus on five areas: 1) water resources management, 2) agricultural production and food security, 3) ecosystem services, biodiversity and forestry, 4) natural disaster risk management, 5) public health.

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Preliminary ecological assessment of Seyhan river basin in Turkey with reference to climate change predictions

The purpose of this report is to provide the ecological background for a Joint Programme whose core objective is to develop capacity for managing climate change risks to rural and coastal development in Turkey. This report sheds light on the natural resources in the Seyhan Basin, prioritizes them in terms of their biodiversity importance, assesses climatic threats to them, and finally provides recommendations for their management for their adaptation to the climatic changes.

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Enhancing the capacity of Turkey to adapt to climate change: participatory vulnerability analysis

In the Fourth Evaluation Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) it is indicated that temperatures in Turkey, on average, are estimated to increase by 2.5-4 degrees celsius. The IPCC report and other national and international scientific modeling studies demonstrate that Turkey will get hotter, more arid and unstable in terms of precipitation patterns in the near future. This document is the result of a participatory vulnerability analysis (PVA) carried out in 11 provinces in Turkey from 2009-2010. It analyzed the impacts on relevant sectors or themes in changing climate conditions, sustainability levels of ecosystem services and natural resources, and the preparedness level against natural disasters originating from the climate was observed. These results represent an important input to the development of a national adaptation strategy for Turkey. This report describes the methodology, conclusion, and recommendation associated with the PVA. Such information is vital to identify and prioritize adaptation strategies as well as develop a national policy framework for managing the risks associated with climate change.

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Greening value chains for sustainable handicrafts production in Vietnam

The environmental impacts of crafts production by households and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are often considered negligible given the scale of their operation, yet taking into account their sheer sheer number, use of natural materials and limited capabilities, their production practices should also be appropriately addressed. This study analyzes a comprehensive, integrated and coordinated intervention to “green” five value chains in Viet Nam, respectively in the: bamboo and rattan, seagrass, sericulture and silk, lacquerware and handmade paper sectors. This publication includes examples and case studies that show, with concerted effort and application of local and international knowledge, cleaner production techniques can be made practical, applicable and cost-effective for crafts-producing households and MSMEs.

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Seeds of knowledge: contributing to climate change solutions

The MDG-F has funded a wide range of projects intended to advance the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals and the implementation of the UN ‘Delivering as One’ reform. Under the Environment and Climate Change window of the MDG-F, 17 Joint Programmes ( JP) developed 53 lessons learned on climate change adaptation at national and local community levels. This booklet describes the experience that was gained and its impact at the global and policy-making levels.

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Review of MDG-F joint programmes: key findings and achievements

The review presents the key findings and achievements of the 130 joint programmes across 50 countries supported by the MDG Achievement Fund (MDG-F) covering eight thematic areas: children, food security and nutrition; youth employment and migration; culture and development; gender equity and women’s empowerment; private sector and development; conflict prevention and peace building; environment and climate change; and democratic economic governance.

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Environment and climate change MDG-F thematic study: review of key findings and achievements

This report sets out to capture the main achievements and results of the 17 Joint Programmes (JPs) within the thematic window on Environment and Climate Change of the Millennium Development Goal Achievement Fund. The work on this thematic area was initiated with the outcomes of the Joint Programmes expected to have an accelerating influence on both the achievement of national development priorities and the Millennium Development Goals.

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Participatory vulnerability and adaptation assessment for farming communities: the Agusan del Norte CCAP experience

A Vulnerability and Adaptation (V&A) Assessment takes stock of area characteristics, current and observed climate changes impacts along with natural hazards; and adaptation strategies employed in response to these, as well as looks at climate change scenarios for a particular locality. It is a risk assessment and looks at alternative adaptation coping capacities with respect to the likely risk scenarios. This tool kit provides an overview of the principles and key concepts of V&A, a step-by-step overview of the process that drives a V&A assessment and reviews report formulation and follow-through activities.

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Strengthening the Philippines institutional capacity to adapt to climate change: Health sector, Book I

In the Philippines, improving maternal health has been identified as the most likely MDG not to be achieved by the target date as the decrease of maternal deaths has been decreasing too slowly to meet targets. Due to poor health, child health is also in jeopardy. Since climate change has been identified to exacerbate the effects of poor health, ineffective mitigation and adaptation are expected to make maternal and child health more fragile. Moreover, climate change is also expected to exacerbate vector borne diseases such as malaria, dengue and leptospirosis. This report presents a conceptual framework in the conduct of a vulnerability assessment and impact modeling for the Public Health Sector, a climate change vulnerability assessment framework, a climate change monitoring and evaluation framework, and documents innovative climate change adaptation practices applicable to the Philippine health sector. It also recommends that governments should engage more actively with the scientific community, who in turn must be supported to provide easily accessible climate risk information. It is the first of four books and contains the main project report. Book 2 contains the report annexes. Book 3 contains the compendium of best practices and book 4 presents training manuals on how to utilize the V&A framework and the integrated M&E framework.

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