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Transforming equality: UN Women in Eastern and Southern Africa

With a regional office based in the United Nations Complex, Nairobi, and country offices covering sixteen nations, with a presence in an additional ten countries, UN Women is well positioned to continue its work on gender equality in Eastern and Southern Africa.The report presents a glimpse into some of the activities and programmes lead by the regional office that have had measurable impacts, and which can be further grown with donor support.

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Government of Albania - United Nations programme of cooperation 2012-2016: programme review 2015

This 2015 programme review report presents the progress and results achieved by national partners and supported by the United Nations in Albania under the four pillars of the Government of Albania – United Nations Programme of Cooperation (PoC) 2012-2016, namely: (i) Human Rights; (ii) Inclusive Social Policies; (iii) Governance and Rule of Law; and (iv) Regional and Local Development. Additionally, it provides a brief overview of the implementation challenges and lessons learned, potential forthcoming United Nations support to the country, and the preliminary financial position for the year 2015.

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Millennium Development Goals: 2015 progress chart

This chart presents the final assessment of progress towards selected key targets relating to each MDG. The assessment provides two types of information: progress trends and levels of development, which are based on information available as of June 2015.

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Looking back, leaping forward: moving from MDGs to SDGs in Europe and Central Asia

This report takes stock of the progress achieved in Europe and Central Asia under the MDGs with the aim to chart the elements that are crucial for a successful transition to the SDGs. It draws on the experiences derived from the implementation of the MDGs, but also addresses the new challenges and opportunities for integrated interventions that come with the much more complex 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The report is structured into three parts. First, it takes stock of the progress achieved in the implementation of the MDGs. It aims to identify the main challenges at the beginning of the MDG period, how these were addressed and what has been achieved. The second section places the MDGs in the context of the wider SDG framework by identifying the unfinished agenda under the MDGs and discussing how the areas covered by the MDGs are now reflected in the 2030 Agenda. The final section describes some of the initial steps that governments in the region are taking to implement the 2030 Agenda and the ways in which the regional UN system can support these efforts. It concludes by identifying and assessing a number of risks that may influence SDG achievement and stressing the importance of collaboration for successful implementation.

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Standard operating procedures for countries adopting the 'Delivering as One' approach

Following the implementation of the ‘Delivering as One’ approach in 8 pilot countries, a second generation of “Delivering as One” was called for in 2012 and more than forty countries have formally adopted it. Efforts under 'Delivering as one' have now matured to the point where this set of Standard Operating Procedures is developed. They will enable the United Nations to function more effectively and foster greater collaboration and teamwork. The document is structured according to the core elements of the ‘Delivering As One’ approach: One Programme, Common Budgetary Framework (and One Fund), One Leader, Operating as One and Communicating as One.

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The Sustainable Development Goals are coming to life: stories of country implementation and UN support

This publication provides a glimpse into the early efforts of 16 countries across regions to bring the global SDGs to life, and the role United Nations Country Teams (UNCTs) play in the process. It illustrates how these countries are beginning to integrate the 2030 Agenda into visions, strategies and plans at the national, sub-national and local levels. The country efforts include raising public awareness, seeking engagement of different stakeholders, adapting the SDGs to national and local contexts, increasing coherence across policy areas and between levels of government, assessing risk and strengthening monitoring and accountability mechanisms.

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The Sustainable Development Goals are coming to life: stories of country implementation and UN support

This publication provides a glimpse into the early efforts of 16 countries across regions to bring the global SDGs to life, and the role United Nations Country Teams (UNCTs) play in the process. It illustrates how these countries are beginning to integrate the 2030 Agenda into visions, strategies and plans at the national, sub-national and local levels. The country efforts include raising public awareness, seeking engagement of different stakeholders, adapting the SDGs to national and local contexts, increasing coherence across policy areas and between levels of government, assessing risk and strengthening monitoring and accountability mechanisms.

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Value chain analysis of solar water heater industry in China

This study was conducted as part of a larger joint programme that aims to advance efforts to promote clean development through the creation of green jobs. It examines major problems currently besetting solar water heater manufacturers and distributors in Dezhou, China, and offers suggestions for improving the solar water heater value chain.

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Towards developing a policy on labour migration in the Republic of Serbia

In today’s globalized world, financial, goods and labour markets are undergoing an active transformation and integration, with no country remaining on the sidelines. The global economic downturn of 2008-2009 clearly demonstrated the importance of developing effective and fair systems of government control over economic processes and resource distribution. This ‘White Paper’ has been put together to support the Serbian Government’s current efforts in formulating an economically viable, efficient, but at the same time socially fair policy on labour migration regulation. This document takes into consideration effective international approaches evolved in other countries in recent years and presents a way forward that includes recommendations such as the need to give temporary migration priority over permanent migration when designing active labour migration options for nationals’ employment.

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The Serbian diaspora and youth: cross-border ties and opportunities for development

The Republic of Serbia has traditionally been a country of emigration for economic and political reasons and is also well known for its intellectual and highly skilled diaspora abroad. This paper, produced by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), analyzes data about the diaspora and proposes policy initiatives for the management of labour migration. This study is relevant for national and state ministries in any country concerned with engaging with their respective diaspora abroad, developing preventative policies that can limit emigration, and understanding what would entice them to return home in the future.

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Methodology of collection, harmonization, exchange and dissemination of migration statistics in Bosnia-Herzegovina

This document provides a situational analysis and recommendations for improving migration statistical data collection and analytical methods in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). The goal is to develop an interactive and transparent database for demographic and migration data that can be used to help guide BiH migration policies and is in compliance with the requirements of EUROSTAT. It is a technical document intended for those in Europe trying to collect, analyze and build statistical databases concerned with tracking migration patterns and behavior.

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Design and testing of health promotion model to promote use of appropriate health services by migrant youth

This survey is part of a programme to protect the rights of vulnerable young migrants through improved access to social and labour protection. This baseline survey will help shed light on the access to health information and services for migrants in the pilot areas. Methods used were interviews, questionnaires, and focus group discussions. The policy and operational recommendations provided are intended for national and state officials inside China as well as development practitioners working on migrant rights’ programmes.

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Comparative study on the employment of foreign nationals in France, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and Montenegro

This comparative study looks at legislation in the areas of employment and work of foreign nationals in fourEuropean countries. It lists each nation’s laws in regards to issues such as the permission to work without a work permit and relevant sanctions. It looks into quota systems, labour market tests and examines the regulations for individual categories such as “Foreign National Students” and “Domestic Staff of Diplomats.”

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National youth employment programme and pilot implementation in Antalya, Turkey: Antalya province labour market analysis

This analysis focuses on a Turkish province that is a centre of gravity in internal migration. The situation, while presenting opportunities associated with a young and dynamic population composition, is at the same time a challenge for the low education and qualification level of the labour force. This study helped to identify priority sectors which have sustainable economic growth potential. This study also shows that enterprises mostly prefer vocational-technical school graduates as opposed to those who received occupational training. This stresses the importance of truly high quality trainings and the need to solicit the opinions of employers’ representatives from areas concerned.

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Complex global schoks and the new challenges for civil society

Events surrounding the global financial crash of 2008 have crystallised the view that the speed with which economic shocks are transmitted around the world has accelerated and that the shocks are increasingly complex in nature. Drawing on grounded accounts of what it means for people living in poverty to be part of a global economy at this time, this paper sets out four challenges for civil society: the need to a) breach its own boundaries, to address cross-cutting issues at their source; b) amplify the voice of those directly affected; c) influence a fairer policy response at local, national and global levels; and d) fertilise debate, to grow new understandings of how the global economy should work, and for whom.

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An evidence-based review of MDG-F experiences: a contribution to the QCPR process

This document was prepared by the MDG-F in 2012 to systemize its experience to date in joint programming and implementation through its 130 joint programmes in 50 countries across five regions in eight thematic areas. The document includes evidence based lessons and good practices on issues closely related to those that were discussed during the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review (QCPR), with the goal of contributing to this QCPR process. These issues include: 1. The coherence, effectiveness, relevance, and efficiency of development programmes; 2. National ownership of development processes and results; 3. Capacity development and sustainability of development results; and 4. Mutual accountability.

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Joint programming on youth employment and migration: a training guide

This tool was developed to offer a practical guide for the design, monitoring and evaluation of joint programmes of the United Nations on youth, employment and migration, but can be also helpful for joint programmes in other thematic areas. It consists of a set of learning modules and a toolkit with examples, templates and suggestions to manage joint programming. Guidance is also provided on the formulation, implementation and evaluation of these programmes, as well as on joint fundraising on yout employment by different entities. The moduldes and tools of this guide were developed for and validated by the programme managers of the MDG-F's 15 joint programmes on youth employment and migration.

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Return and development: increasing the developmental impact of return migration in South Serbia

For several years, Serbia has been faced with considerable flows of return migration. Even though empirical evidence from other countries indicates that returnees can have a positive impact on their home countries’ development, return migrants to Serbia are presently perceived as a burden for the country and its welfare system as a survey from 2011 shows. This paper examines the difficulties and needs of return migrants with regard to their economic situation, housing, personal documents, recognition of foreign diplomas and school certificates, schooling, social integration and health. Based on the findings, recommendations for reintegration measures are made, accounting for the specific needs of different groups of returnees.

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Evaluation of workforce competency and training needs on environmental health in China: Vol. III

The Chinese government recognizes the need to enhance environmental and health management systems in order to prepare for expected impacts of climate change in the future. An intensive workforce training program is urgently needed for local environment and health practitioners. This evaluation of workforce competency and training needs has been carried out in order to define the training contents and targets. This document also outlines the current health management systems and structures in place, provides an overview of current training and education that is being provided, as well as offers recommendations to the Chinese government on ways to enhance the education of environmental health staff and improve current environmental health training.

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A snapshot of views and experiences piloting new development approaches through the MDG Achievement Fund in Ethiopia

With support from the MDG Achievement Fund, the government of Ethiopia and the United Nations (UN) tested new approaches for involving some of the most vulnerable people more actively in the country’s development process. Through five programmes, new development approaches were piloted with impressive results. In addition to adopting a holistic, cross-sectorial approach, each programme focused on investing in individuals’ capabilities and social opportunities. They also strengthened entire communities through economic and self-help groups. This snapshot covers programme highlights, strategies implemented, and lessons learned from the field.

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Enabling pastoral communities to adapt to climate change and restoring rangeland environments programme in Ethiopia

With support from the MDG Achievement Fund, the government of Ethiopia and the United Nations (UN) tested new approaches for involving some of the most vulnerable people more actively in the country’s development process. Through five programmes, new development approaches were piloted with impressive results. In addition to adopting a holistic, cross-sectorial approach, each programme focused on investing in individuals’ capabilities and social opportunities. They also strengthened entire communities through economic and self-help groups. This snapshot covers programme highlights, strategies implemented, and lessons learned from the field.

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Climate resilient farming communities in Agusan del Norte, Philippines

This report was part of a project that aimed to develop and test financial safety nets for vulnerable populations, especially women, and to develop the capacities of vulnerable populations to participate and avail of the benefits under economic diversification and a democratized governance system. A component of this project was the Social Amelioration Program (SAP) which was an amelioration and welfare scheme for sugar workers derived from the contribution of the millers and planters in the Philippines. The results of the vulnerability and adaptation analysis and the farm value chain analysis were able to identify the different risk factors the pilot project sites and the farming communities are susceptible to. It concludes with recommendations on how to ensure success in the administration of the Social Amelioration Program.

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Taking a value chain approach towards local economic development and women's economic empowerment in Vietnam

Recognizing the need to increase income and to promote employment opportunities for the rural poor in Viet Nam, the Government of Viet Nam and the United Nations launched a Joint Programme on Green Production and Trade to Increase Income and Employment Opportunities for the Rural Poor in 2010. The programme supports the handicrafts sector, recognizing its importance as a major source of income for smallholder farmers and landless poor, and has a high potential for creating employment opportunities in rural areas by promoting entrepreneurship and sustainable production. This document presents the experience of the programme in strengthening the Sericulture value chain in Quy Cahu district of Nghe An province and shows how strengthening the value chain contributed to economic empowerment of women and their negotiation power, increased income and employment opportunities in rural areas, and preservation of the environment and local ethnic minority traditions. This document zooms in on the Hoa Tien Textile Cooperative, a group of women weavers that belong to the Thai ethnic minority.

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Greening value chains for sustainable handicrafts production in Vietnam

The environmental impacts of crafts production by households and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are often considered negligible given the scale of their operation, yet taking into account their sheer sheer number, use of natural materials and limited capabilities, their production practices should also be appropriately addressed. This study analyzes a comprehensive, integrated and coordinated intervention to “green” five value chains in Viet Nam, respectively in the: bamboo and rattan, seagrass, sericulture and silk, lacquerware and handmade paper sectors. This publication includes examples and case studies that show, with concerted effort and application of local and international knowledge, cleaner production techniques can be made practical, applicable and cost-effective for crafts-producing households and MSMEs.

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Impact Assessment Study on joint programme on green production and trade in Vietnam

This report details the processes behind a programme that increased income, enhanced productivity and created a significant number of jobs throughout the handicraft supply chain in Northern Vietnam. The programme applied a value chain approach to develop a better integrated, pro-poor and environmentally sustainable “green” value chain. The programme’s successes in enhanced productivity and increased employment stem from two main outputs: the introduction of innovative equipment & tools to craft producers and capacity building activities in support of SME’s. As a result, two local provinces are mobilizing funding for the up-scaling and replication of these activities, specifically focused on the bamboo/rattan and sericulture value chains.

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